Diabetes mellitus (DM), commonly referred to as diabetes, is a group of metabolic disorders in which there are high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period. Symptoms of high blood sugar include frequent urination, increased thirst, and increased hunger. If left untreated, diabetes can cause many complications. Acute complications can include diabetic ketoacidosis, hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state, or death. Serious long-term complications include cardiovascular disease, stroke, chronic kidney disease, foot ulcers, and damage to the eyes.
Diabetes is due to either the pancreas not producing enough insulin or the cells of the body not responding properly to the insulin produced. There are three main types of diabetes mellitus:
- Type 1 DM results from the pancreas's failure to produce enough insulin. This form was previously referred to as "insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus" (IDDM) or "juvenile diabetes". The cause is unknown.
- Type 2 DM begins with insulin resistance, a condition in which cells fail to respond to insulin properly. As the disease progresses a lack of insulin may also develop. This form was previously referred to as "non insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus" (NIDDM) or "adult-onset diabetes". The most common cause is excessive body weight and insufficient exercise.
- Gestational diabetes is the third main form, and occurs when pregnant women without a previous history of diabetes develop high blood sugar levels.
Now let’s understand the Ayurvedic Concept of Diabetes:
Ayurveda refers it to as Prameha or Madhumeha. As per ancient Ayurvedic texts its considered as a syndrome or group of diseases or symptoms chiefly of Urinary system. Prameha according to Ayurveda concepts mainly develops as urinary tract contamination by Dosha’s or morbid factors especially Kapha Dosha. Pitta and Vata Dosha involves in later stages and causes complications. Ayurveda Doctor or Ayurvedic Vaidya analyzes all the factors of Patient and Disease by means of Roga Pareeksha (Examination/analyzation of Disease) and Rogi Pareeksha (Examination/analyzation of the Patient).
Prameha’s are a list of urinary disorders, especially characterized by profuse urination with several abnormal qualities. There are twenty kinds of Prameha’s in Ayurveda. According to the dosha’s responsible, these Prameha’s are classified as follows:-
Vataja Prameha’s – There are totally 4 vataja Prameha’s.
Pittaja Prameha’s – There are totally 6 pittaja Prameha’s.
Kaphaja Prameha’s – There are totally 10 kaphaja Prameha’s.
Out of these, diabetes mellitus is termed as madhumeha. It is one of the four vataja Prameha’s.
Almost all other medical streams consider Diabetes Mellitus as largely Dietary Disease, But Ayurvedic Science here differs widely in its concept. Ayurveda does not regard diabetes mellitus as a disease that can be treated by mere medicine or by a dietary regimen. The Ayurvedic treatment for diabetes mellitus is based on an entire change in the lifestyle of the person. Along with medication and diet, the patient is also advised to lead a healthy lifestyle and live an active life. Even mental aspects of the disease are stressed. Most vataja disorders originate in the brain, and since madhumeha is classified as vataja, it is highly important to keep the brain in its right manner of functioning.
Another basic difference is in the treatment of the complications that diabetes mellitus causes. Diabetes mellitus can cause several complications in the long run such as kidney failure, paralysis and gangrene. Each of these can be fatal conditions individually. Conventional medical science tries to reduce the blood sugar level, but does not put more weight on the treatment of the complications. However, in Ayurveda, madhumeha is a broad concept which does not include just the hyperglycemia; it also takes into account all the possible complications. The body is taken as a whole and the treatment is done accordingly.
Ayurveda is very closely knit with yoga for the treatment and control of diabetes mellitus. For example, the paschimottasana, is highly recommended for patients of madhumeha. In this manner, Ayurveda is not restricted in its treatment of diabetes, but takes a much broader perspective.
We at Vaidyalya Ayurveda clinic and store at Chitranjan park near to Kalkaji at South Delhi follow the classical treatment protocols i.e Chikitsa Sutra’s mentioned in ancient texts of Ayurveda. We consider it to be disease of whole body and not to be originated from single organ such as pancreas or physiological malfunctioning such as disorder of metabolism. Ayurvedic medicines and herbal products are prescribed according to the Dosha (morbid factor), Agni (Digestive fire), Bala (both strength of the patient and the disease), Prakruti (physical and psychological constitution), Dhatu (assessment of body tissues), Kala (assessment of time) etc. Type and strength of herbal preparations or medicines are decided after considering all the above mentioned factors. Along with the medications specially tailor made Diet chart or plan is prescribed to achieve the desired goals. Also Yoga and specific daily routine, exercise and pranayam is suggested. You may consult online as well by visiting our website at www.vaidyalya.com .